WDI Fundamentals

WDI Fundamentals Unit 5


Your Turn Your Turn

Headers, Navs, and Footers Exercise

In this exercise, you'll learn the basics of laying out a webpage while building a small business website for ELK Web Design! The final design is based on an assignment submitted by a Front-End Web Development graduate, Lauren Kathe, and looks like this:

This design has four sections:

  • Header
  • "About" section
  • "Services" section
  • Footer

This exercise has two sections. First, we'll create the structure of the website. Then, we'll add CSS. If you don't see the JS Bin below, please refresh the page.

Elk Web Design on jsbin.com

Section 1: Content and Page Structure

Your job is to use the notes below to write the HTML for ELK Web Design.

1) The Header:

ELK Web Design has a header element inside the body which contains:

  • The company name, ELK Web Design, as a level 1 heading, or h1.
  • A nav element, with three linked menu items: "Work", "About", and "Contact."

    • For now you can simply wrap placeholder anchors around each nav item with a # as the value for the href like so:

      <a href="#">Work</a>
      
  • The header also contains this image: http://i.imgur.com/pdsjjxD.jpg.

2) The Body

Inside the body there are two sections. One section is for the "About" content, the other for "Services". The section headings are level 2, or h2.

About Content:

  • level 2 heading: Who we are
  • paragraph: ELK provides clean and innovative sites for small businesses, artists, and professionals.

Service Content:

  • level 2 heading: How we do it
  • unordered list: HTML, CSS, Responsive, Visual Design

3) The Footer

paragraph: "© 2017 ELK"

Here's how the page looks without any styling:

Section 2: Styling Content

Flip over to your CSS tab.

  1. Apply the following styles to the body: Set its font-size to 18px and the font-family to Arial.

  2. Write a rule for h1, and set its font-size to 36px.

  1. Create a rule for h2, and set its font-size to 27px.

  2. Use only one padding declaration to give h2 a top and bottom padding of 14px.

  3. Create a rule for both h1, h2 and set its text-transform property to uppercase.

  4. Let's keep styling both headings. We'll use CSS shorthand to "underline" each one with a border-bottom. Give h1, h2 a border-bottom property that's 4px thick, solid, and black.

  5. Set h1, h2's display to inline-block.

    • Although we haven't covered inline-block in Fundamentals, here setting the h1 and h2 to have a display of inline-block will make it so the border we added in the last step is only as wide as the element itself — instead of stretching across the entire page.
  6. Create a style for img elements, setting the display property to block.

  7. Center all images on the page horizontally by setting imgs margin to 0 auto.

    • Setting left and right margins to auto is a common way to center block elements. Here we are using the shorthand for the margin property (margin: 0 auto;) to set the top and bottom margin to 0 and the left and right margins to auto.
  8. Create a ul style, and set its list-style to none. Set its margin to 0 and its padding to 0.

    • Setting the list-style to none will remove the bullet points in a list.
  9. Create a footer style in your CSS, and align its text to the center.

  10. Set the footer padding to 18px 0.

Here's what your webpage should look like in the output now:

All done for now!

Stuck? Check out the solutions for assistance.


Ready to test your knowledge?